How has the media covered recent medical news stories?

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How has the media covered recent medical news stories?

Slider with three items displayed per slide. Use the Previous and Next buttons to navigate through the slides or the slide controller buttons at the end to navigate through each slide. Shasha Teng, Nan Jiang & Kok Wei Khong Antonis Photiou, Christos Nicolaides & Paramveer S. Second, for each day randomly sampled, all available news records were retrieved from Factiva for the 12 media outlets (Table).

The randomly selected articles were evaluated to determine their eligibility, with the objective of identifying 5 eligible items for each media outlet on each day sampled. In some cases, a given medium published fewer than 5 eligible articles on one day of the sample. In these cases, the full set of eligible items was included in the study. For each day sampled, two independent programmers evaluated all relevant media records based on questions of scientific quality and sensationalism and on the metadata of the article's attributes.

The programmers recorded the scores for each article through a version of the code book in the form of Google (SI Coding Tool). Public health policies consistently covered over time included measures related to social distancing, testing and tracking, and protective equipment and disinfection practices, while coverage of guidance policies on masks and reopening increased throughout the study (Fig. However, we identified significant differences in the degree to which news reports on COVID-19 presented high-quality scientific information on the effects of coronavirus disease on public health and measures to limit its spread. Media articles generally had moderate scientific quality overall (Fig.

However, the right-wing populist media on the political spectrum of each country had a significantly lower scientific quality in information related to COVID-19 (Fig. Scientific quality was low, especially with regard to validity, precision and context as measures of scientific quality, as well as the distinction between opinions and facts in some cases (for example, g. These findings refer to news reports and analyses, rather than to opinion pieces, editorials or letters, which were excluded from the scope of the media articles we evaluated. The differences between the different media suggest that, by reading the news and analysis of the different newspapers, readers access reports of varying scientific quality related to health risks and the effectiveness of available measures to limit the transmission of diseases.

Article ADS CAS PubMed Google Scholar Article Google Scholar Article MathSciNet Article Google Scholar ADS PubMed Central Article from Google Scholar CAS PubMed Central PubMed Central Google Scholar Article Google Scholar ADS Article Google Scholar Article Google Scholar A, Simmons K, Matsa KE, et al. (201) In Western Europe, public attitudes toward the media are more divided by populist views than by left-right ideology. Article from the Pew Research Center (CAS) PubMed (Google Scholar S). Damouras provided advice on methods of statistical analysis, and J.

Funding for this work was provided by the Scarborough Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences at the University of Toronto and the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Miami. Department of Environmental Science and Policy, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Miami, Miami, FL, USA. UU. Katharine J.

Mach & Rosalind Donald Leonard and Jayne Abess Center for Ecosystem Science and Policy, University of Miami, Coral Gables, Florida, U.S. Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences. USA, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada Raúl Salas Reyes, Brian Pentz, Clarissa A. Thomas & Nicole Klenk, Department of Geography and Planning, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada, Aspen Global Change Institute, Basalt, Colorado, U.S.

Earth and Environmental Sciences Area. USA, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, California, U.S. School of Environment and Sustainability. USA, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, USA.

Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar All authors conceived the analysis. KJM, RSR, BP, JT, CAC, SGC, KET and NK designed the analysis methods with the review of all authors. Data collected by RSR, BP, JT, CAC, SGC and KET. KJM, RSR, BP and JT conducted data analysis and developed data visualizations.

KJM, RSR, BP, JT and NK wrote the manuscript with reviews and edits by all authors. Correspondence to Katharine J. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. Provided by Springer Nature Humanities and Social Sciences Communications' ShareEdit content sharing initiative (Humanit Soc Sci Commun) ISSN 2662-9992 (online).

The main meta-analyses are summarized in Figure 3, excluding subgroups. The samples of news reports from two of the studies included in the meta-analyses overlap. There were no significant differences between the general estimates and the ICs of the primary analyses and the sensitivity analyses. The forest plots for each group of criteria, including the individual estimates and the CIs for each criterion, are presented in the S7 file in the expanded data.

For each randomly sampled day (A) and each news outlet (B), the total number of individual news records is shown, based on searches in the Factiva database for articles related to information on policies and public health on COVID-19 (methods). The review provides an accessible summary of what is known about the quality of news about the effects of health interventions, in print, television and online media, in relation to the aspects of quality that have been measured and reported. He writes that the news “must have been published on the news organization's website,” but classify them only as journalistic content. Indicate the number of news reports that “did not specify whether a study was randomized (503 out of 553, 91%), which was reformulated as the number of news reports that did specify whether a study was randomized (50 out of 553, 9%).

This is a solid attempt to summarize studies that have made structured attempts to quantify and report the key features of medical news that report on therapeutic claims. Problems with the quality of information in health news could be explained by underlying problems that occur at different stages of the information process, from when scientists plan, carry out and report on studies, to when academic institutions and journals promote studies or when studies are covered by the media. The topics of the media articles corresponded to a certain extent to the scientific quality and sensationalism of the information and analysis of the news (Fig. Consequently, this study aimed to identify how journalists from all sectors of the news production process worked within their organizations to select, shape and present health news.

The scientific quality of media articles differed between media outlets from all political spectrums in the respective countries (Fig. We are looking for more journalists from the written press because radio and television news are usually selected from the main newspapers and, therefore, play a more important role in selecting and framing the news. This includes the other two forms of journalism, in addition to news, and other media, besides the mass media. Newspaper articles and advice columns: Heaner evaluated news and news about nutrition and physical activity.


Shelley Stoyle
Shelley Stoyle

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